operatorkita.com– Update james webb space telescope. This is a highly anticipated day in astronomy circles and beyond. On Monday, Humanity received the deepest view of the cosmos ever captured, thanks to the incredible capabilities of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).
The first images from the $10 billion telescope show the farthest humans have ever been in time and distance, closer to the dawn of the universe and the edge of the cosmos.
US President Joe Biden revealed the first images on Monday, which will be followed by four more photos of the Galactic beauty on Tuesday.
“If you hold a grain of sand at your fingertips at arm’s length, it’s the part of the universe you’re looking at,” said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson.
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“What you see is galaxies, galaxies shining around other galaxies, and only a small part of the universe.”
Biden revealed the image of the “inner field”, filled with many stars — “many” is an understatement — and the large galaxies in the foreground distort the light of the objects behind, telescoping them and making faint and very distant galaxies visible. Part of the image consists of light from not too long after the Big Bang.
The images to be released Tuesday include a view of a gas giant planet outside our solar system, two images of nebulae where stars are born and die in spectacular beauty and an update of classic images of five tightly clustered galaxies dancing around each other.
The JWST is the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope, which not only provides stunning images, but is also of great importance in providing scientific knowledge about our universe and its origins.
The JWST has a much larger primary mirror than Hubble (2.7 times larger in diameter, or about six times larger in area), providing more light-gathering power and greatly increased sensitivity than Hubble.
The JWST was launched, and there was no second chance — its very remote location in the solar system made it impossible for human crews to work.
But the telescope’s massive sunshield, with its 107 restraints holding it back, was properly released and everything went according to plan.
Over the past few months, we have been treated to a small glimpse of the optical brilliance of the JWST.
In May, the telescope re-emitted a series of test images that showcased stunning images of a neighboring satellite galaxy called The Great Magellanic Cloud. When compared to previous images taken by the Spitzer Space Telescope, the results are astounding.
“It’s not until you really see the kind of image it provides that you really internalize it and go’ wow!”Marcia Rieke of the University of Arizona, chief scientist for Webb’s near infrared camera, said at the time. “Just think about what we will learn.”
And in March, the telescope sent a spectacular photo of the star to NASA, passing its first task with flying colors.
The telescope’s alignment evaluation image, which focuses on a star called 2mass J17554042+6551277, blew the researcher’s hair back.
“We said last fall that we would know that the telescope was working properly when we had images of stars that looked like stars,” Lee Feinberg, Webb optical telescope element manager at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, told Cosmos Magazine at the time.
Scientists believe telescopes will be able to peer into the past, perhaps up to 100 million years after the Big Bang. And scientists not only think they can look back on galaxies from that point on, but they also think they might be able to determine the composition of those galaxies.
Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA’s head of science missions, said that with the new telescope, the cosmos ” is releasing secrets that have been around for decades, centuries, millennia.”
“This is not a picture. This is the new worldview you will see,” he said during a recent media briefing.
Zurbuchen said when she saw the photos she got emotional and so did her colleagues.
“It’s very difficult not to see the universe in a new light and not just have a very personal moment.”
NASA collaborates on Webb with the European and Canadian Space Agencies.